What Nobody Is Talking About
The name dementia originates from the Latin dementia, which means insanity, madness. The first was used by Celsius us (10 g. N. E) but, according to the description of the clinical picture, for mania.
Dementia is the loss of personality and function. That is the state in which everything is lifted. Words, names, faces are deleted — missing memory. And the loss of memory is also a loss of identity. Usually, it is matched by old age, but dementia is a disease, not part of the normal aging process.
Dementia is a loss of previous mental abilities and several areas. The demon is a chronic, usually irreversible, loss of cognition. It is a common name for a group of symptoms caused by brain disorders. It’s not about one specific disease.
Dementia is a set of symptoms (symptoms) caused by brain diseases that reduce cognitive abilities. The most common are loss of memory and orientation, mood and behavior change, difficulty in concluding, writing, and speaking, and confusion and depression.
Several different types of that are lead to damage to one or more areas of the brain. Overall, there are more than 50 types of diseases that make them more or less a part of the clinical picture. Depending on the pathology, dementia can occur as a consequence of neurodegenerative, vascular, infectious (AIDS, subacute-hypersensitive panencephalitis, herpes simplex encephalitis, neurosyphilis, reactivation of measles virus) of traumatic, metabolic-toxic, and neoplastic diseased states.
Causes of dementia
Vascular dementia is the most common cause, and the consequence of reduced blood flow, and therefore oxygen to the brain (usually after stroke). In certain cases, a person can recover.
Alzheimer’s disease is also one of the causes of dementia. It is progressive and for now incurable. Over the years, it gradually creates change in the brain that causes the death of the nerve cells (neurons). It is a disease characterized by two abnormalities in the brain – amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tricks. Plates are abnormal accumulations of proteins called beta amyloids. Tiles and bumps prevent communication between the nerve cells, leading to their death.
Also known as dementia with Lewi bodies, which is associated with the characteristics of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease and is most commonly manifested by confusion and perceptions, and front-temporal dementia that engages the forehead head of the brain responsible for a logical conclusion.
What are the early signs of dementia?
Early signs of dementia can be subtle, mild, and do not have to be immediately apparent. Some of the more common symptoms include:
- Progressive and frequent loss of memory
- Changing one’s personality
- Apathy and retreat into oneself
- Lack of ability to carry out everyday tasks
A few typical symptoms
Dementia with Levi’s bodies causes visible hallucinations, that is, a person sometimes sees objects and other people who are not there. The characteristic of this disease is also greater difficulty in assessing distances and understanding things in a three-dimensional manner, which makes it is difficult to orient and perform practical tasks. Cramped muscles and slow movements aggravate patients’ daily routine, physical symptoms occurring at an early stage in course of the disease and which are otherwise associated with Parkinson’s disease.
Precise and early diagnosis is important for treatment
If you suspect dementia, contact your doctor. Treatment options depend on which disease is the cause of the symptoms, and it is therefore important to accurately conclude which disease has produced dementia to make a treatment plan as soon as possible.
Counseling about the patient and relatives, as well as practical help and salvation, are, as a rule, the most important treatment element. In some cases, medications may alleviate symptoms, including Alzheimer’s disease.
In vascular dementia, which is often caused by an infarct, the goal of medicine is to avoid creating clots in the blood.
Unfortunately, dementia is often associated with the expected old-fashioned changes, so there is no sufficient attention to the need for her diagnosis. And that can be done quickly and easily. It is only necessary for a family physician to apply some recollection tests. When they warn of cognitive abilities, a neurologist specialist will perform detailed examinations that will undoubtedly determine what causes dementia symptoms.
What are the risks of dementia?
There are many risk factors for dementia, some of which are common:
- Older age is the greatest risk factor, especially after 65 years when the frequency is about 5%, and after 80 years it is over 20%. The occurrence of mild forgetfulness does not automatically mean dementia.
- Real or repeated brain injury can lead to dementia.
- A recent factor is proven for a few patients, while others may be inherited by tendency, but the effect of cloning factors is necessary to create dementia.
- Dementia is more common with less educated people, but everyone can develop this kind of disorder.
Who Can Get Dementia?
Nobody has been spared from the diseases that cause dementia. In younger years, it is rare, at 60 years of age it occurs in one percent of cases, after which this percentage increases rapidly, and in 85 the dementia is expressed by almost a third of this age. Women are more commonly ill. Physically inactive persons, smokers, and those who eat unhealthily and drink alcohol are more exposed to dementia. That is why, for now, a healthy way of life, sociability, and mental activity is the only way to prevent dementia.
Treatment of dementia
There are no medications against the diseases that cause dementia, but there are those who can slow down her development for up to two years. Also, some other drugs help dementia people to serve their remaining mental abilities better or to alleviate their unwanted psychological conditions.
There is no medicine to cure dementia. Some medications can improve the behavior of these patients, slow down the progression of the disease and somewhat exaggerate intellectual functioning. Also, new possibilities for treatment are being studied intensively.
The frequency of dementia is 5% in people over 60 years of age. Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, dementia with Levitra, and front-temporal dementia make up 95% of dementia. Ethical treatment for degenerative and vascular dementia does not exist.
A person with dementia must be aware that much will be forgotten and that it will be more difficult to communicate and orient. The biggest burden of dementia is the family of the affected. She must understand that changes in the behavior of their beloved persons are not willing and that she increasingly lives in her world where her truths are – the only one.
It is ideal for a person with dementia to live longer in the circle of their family because family love cannot make up for it.