Diabetes mellitus

The Best Guidance For Diabetes Mellitus

Seder disease is a chronic condition that occurs when the pancreas stops completely or partially producing insulin or the produced insulin is not effective in the body because of the cell’s resistance to it.

The main feature of the disease is the elevated blood sugar level. The surplus of the suture is “adorned” on the walls of small and large blood vessels and is damaging them. These injuries that occur over time are not painful, but slowly disturb the work of organs in which blood vessels are located. The most frequently affected organs, or parts of the body, are the eyes, kidneys, and nerve parts. These changes are called chronic complications of schizophrenia.

The true causes are not fully clarified, and the disease itself is characterized by hyperglycemia and other pathological events in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. It is believed that the interaction of heritages and the environment has a significant effect on the onset of diabetes. In any case, diabetes is associated with excessive nutrition, so weight loss is sometimes sufficient to relieve or correct the patient’s condition. There are 2 basic types: diabetes mellitus type 1 (insulin-dependent diabetes) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (insulin-dependent diabetes). The main components of this disease are a disorder in the transmission of blood glucose from the blood to tissue and organs cells.

There are several types of diabetes

Type 1 shedding occurs most commonly in younger people, although it can start at any age. There is no insulin in this type of school disease because it does not produce the pancreas. This is due to the inflammatory reaction of the body against the pancreatic cells. The cause of the development of type 1 Echizen disease is still unknown, but it is probably a combination of hereditary tendencies and surrounding factors such as viruses that trigger the onset of the disease.

The first type of disease occurs in younger people, often children whose beta cells in the pancreas lose the ability to the secretion of insulin and the only effective therapy is to take insulin additionally via injections. If the disease occurs until the age of 30 years.

Type 2 systemic disease is most commonly a form of the schizophrenic disease. It sounds like the old one. Sometimes it is incorrectly referred to as diabetic patients, but the said frequency of thickness moves the age limit all the time, so it is possible and even more often its occurrence in young people. The above-mentioned risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus primarily affects people with overweight. The risk is particularly high if the thickness is particularly pronounced in the area of the waist if blood pressure and increased blood fat are increased. Heritage is also an important factor in telling the risk of type 2 diabetes.

The second type of disease occurs in the Middle Ages, after the thirties of life and is directly related to the way of life and nutrition. Over time, the beta cells of the pancreas exhaust and insufficient insulin.

Sister disease in pregnancy is also called gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs due to increased insulin resistance as a consequence of the secretion of particular hormones in the pregnancy. The risk of developing gestational diabetes has overweight women, if they have parents or relatives with chronic pain, if they have already given birth to a child with overweight or if they had borderline elevations in blood sugar before pregnancy. It is usually a temporary disorder, most often occurs in the second half of the pregnancy and retreat after delivery.

Symptoms of diabetes

Our body converts the food we eat into glucose which cells can use as energy. The cells need insulin to “bring” glucose. As soon as the body does not have enough insulin or if the cells are not sensitive to it, glucose can not reach the cells and in the end we are left without energy. This means we feel more hungry and we are tired than usual.

Symptoms of an elevated blood glucose level in type 1 diabetes are more easily seen because insufficiency of insulin is visible on the body, and in type 2, the body still produces insulin, which hinders the recognition of symptoms.

Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes include equal symptoms. Pay attention to them.

  • excessive thirst;
  • frequent urination;
  • glad;
  • an unexpected fall or increase in body weight;
  • nausea, tiredness;
  • blurred vision;
  • irritability;
  • slow healing of wounds and bruises;
  • hooks or loss of sensation in the hands or feet;
  • frequent infections of dental meat or skin

Principles in the Treatment of Diabetes

A healthy diet and regular physical activity are very important in the treatment of both types of school disease. However, sometimes it is not enough, we need medications too.

People with type 1 diabetes need to replace insulin on a daily basis because their pancreas can no longer produce it themselves.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes (with an ever-needed diet and exercise) is performed by oral antidiabetic drugs (tablets for the treatment of schizophrenia), their combination, and insulin when the natural insulin in the pancreas is exhausted.

The blood sugar levels are closer to normal values, reducing the possibility of complications of schizophrenia.

Diabetes therapy includes 3 basic routes:

  • treatment of glycogrgulation disorders;
  • therapy of lipoprotein metabolism disorders,
  • therapy of elevated arterial pressure.

An individual approach to each patient is important in order to achieve the target values of glycemia and HbA1c in accordance with the following criteria:

-HbA1c (%) (parameter for rebuilding long-term glyceglassion, <7.0

Non-medicinal therapy implies nutrition therapy, which involves the determination of total energy intake, energy-related relationships, and meal arrangement. It adapts to each patient individually, and mainly adopts the therapeutic regimen in which the patient is.

A very important segment of treatment is the introduction of continuous planned physical activity. General recommendations are 3 times a week (with breaks) to practice and recommended types of activities: walking, running, swimming, cycling.

But there are drugs for the treatment of diabetes that, to the utmost, meet the demands of contemporary diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes therapy consists exclusively of insulin therapy that can be applied in 2 scans:

– Intensive Conventional Therapy (IKIT) (3 and more, as a rule, 4 daily doses),

– Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (KSII) with the help of an external portable insulin pump.

Type 2 diabetic patients are initially lying mainly on oral hypoglycemics, drugs that lead to blood-glucose-lowering. It should not be forgotten that diabetes is a progressive disorder that over time requires more hypoglycaemic drugs and often insulin.

The availability of modern therapy is necessary in order to fight diabetes that represents the most commonly chronically non-contagious disease in the world comes out as winners.

Insulin therapy

As an exclusive treatment for Diabetes mellitus Type 1, insulin

The therapy can be:

-Intensified (with repeated administration of fast-acting insulin in front of the main meals and medium or long-lasting sleep insulin,

-conventional (in one or two doses with a combination of fast-acting and mid-insulin or “fixed mixtures “(fast-acting + mid-insulin) in a different ratios.

In Type 1 diabetics, we prefer intensified insulin therapy for better regulation of glycemic control over 24 hours, where prandial and postprandial insulin requirements are met by pre-administration of short-acting insulin, and basal need “mediates” mid-acting or long-acting insulin.

In principle, the dose of insulin is individual for each diabetic and titrated to achieve satisfactory glycemia over 24 hours, taking into account nutrition and physical activity.



YES if you have the following symptoms – frequent urination, thirst, increased hunger, loss of body weight, vomiting and abdominal pain, tendons, and ants in the hands or feet, blurred vision, frequent infections, wounds that slowly heal.

YES if you are pregnant at 23-26. week if no additional risk (otherwise immediately after pregnancy confirmation).



Have a moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes per day (or at least most of the day in a week) – can speed, bicycle ride, dance, reduce your risk by 30-40%.

Maintain a desirable body mass, and if you are overweight or fat, try to lose at least 5-10% body mass index (ITM) should be at most 25kg / m.

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